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Social sciences - sociology

Updated: Feb 11, 2023

According to Wikipedia, "Sociology is a social science that focuses on society, human social behavior, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and aspects of culture associated with everyday life. It uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about social order and social change. While some sociologists conduct research that may be applied directly to social policy and welfare, others focus primarily on refining the theoretical understanding of social processes and phenomenological method. Subject matter can range from micro-level analyses of society (i.e. of individual interaction and agency) to macro-level analyses (i.e. of social systems and social structure)."

Sociology is about our society. Sociology helps us to build a better society.

How to best learn sociology?

Here are some tips for how to best learn sociology:

  1. Start with the basics: Make sure you have a solid understanding of the fundamental concepts and theories of sociology, such as the sociological imagination, social structures, culture, and social inequality.

  2. Read widely: Read as much as you can about sociology, including classic works, contemporary research, and popular books and articles that provide insight into the latest trends and developments in the field.

  3. Participate in discussions: Participate in discussions about sociology, either in a formal classroom setting, online forums, or with friends and family. This will help you to better understand and remember the material, and to gain new perspectives on the subject.

  4. Engage in hands-on learning: Consider engaging in hands-on learning experiences, such as volunteering in a social service organization, conducting sociological research, or participating in community organizing efforts.

  5. Stay up-to-date with research: Stay up-to-date with the latest research and developments in sociology by regularly reading academic journals and attending conferences and workshops.

  6. Find a mentor: Find a mentor in the field of sociology who can provide guidance and support as you navigate your studies and career.

  7. Seek out practical experience: Seek out practical experience in the field of sociology, such as working in a research organization, conducting fieldwork, or working as an intern in a related setting.

By following these tips and dedicating consistent time and effort to your studies, you will be well on your way to gaining a deep understanding of the field of sociology.


What can I do if I learn sociology?

A background in sociology can open up a wide range of career opportunities in fields such as:

  1. Social work: You can use your knowledge of sociology to help individuals and communities in need, by providing support and advocacy services.

  2. Market research: You can use your knowledge of sociology to help organizations understand consumer behavior and make informed business decisions.

  3. Education: You can use your knowledge of sociology to work in the field of education, for example as a teacher or school administrator.

  4. Non-profit work: You can use your knowledge of sociology to work for non-profit organizations, which focus on social justice and equality.

  5. Law and policy: You can use your knowledge of sociology to inform policy and law-making, by working in government agencies or advocacy organizations.

  6. Research: You can use your knowledge of sociology to conduct research, either in academia or in a research organization.

  7. Human resources: You can use your knowledge of sociology to work in human resources, by recruiting and retaining talent, and fostering a positive workplace culture.

  8. Public relations: You can use your knowledge of sociology to work in public relations, by managing and shaping the public image of organizations and individuals.

These are just a few examples of what you can do with a background in sociology. With hard work, dedication, and a passion for the subject, you can find many opportunities to use your knowledge and make a difference in the world.


Wikiversity is a Wikimedia Foundation project devoted to learning resources, learning projects, and research for use in all levels, types, and styles of education from pre-school to university, including professional training and informal learning.

There are lots of self-learning contents about sociology, which you can study by yourself before going into a formal education.

There are some interesting topics that you may have a look:

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