The normal range for blood pressure should be between 90 and 120 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) for the top number (systolic) and between 60 and 80 mm Hg for the bottom number (diastolic). If the top number is between 120 and 129 mm Hg while the bottom number is less than 80 mm Hg, you have elevated risk of high blood pressure and should pay more attention to it. If the top number is between 130 and 139 mm Hg or the bottom number is between 80 and 89 mm Hg, it's called high blood pressure (hypertension) stage 1, and medication may be required to control blood pressure. If the top number is 140 mm Hg or higher, or the bottom number is 90 mm Hg or higher, it's called high blood pressure (hypertension) stage 2, which could be very dangerous for your health.
For most adults, there's no identifiable cause of high blood pressure. This type of high blood pressure, called primary (essential) hypertension, tends to develop gradually over many years. Some people have high blood pressure caused by an underlying condition. This type of high blood pressure, called secondary hypertension, tends to appear suddenly and cause higher blood pressure than does primary hypertension.
Here we quote the best solution for hypertension from "The Heart and Stroke Foundation". The Heart and Stroke Foundation plays a key role in health education by providing health professionals, government and consumers with the latest information on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of heart disease and stroke.
For the solution about "Hypertension" (high blood pressure), including definition, diagnosis, treatment and medication, you may download a helpful E-book from The Heart and Stroke Foundation's website:
Hypertension is preventable by following our standard approaches to prevent diseases:
1.Choose the best healthy recipes each day;
2.Drink 2 liters of water each day;
3.Choose the best exercise plan, and have regular exercise each week;
4.Have about 9 hours of sleep each day;
5.Rest often and limit screen time within 2 hours each day;
6.Have good interests and hobbies, have fun activities with other people, and learn new things;
7.Have a good hygiene routine, such as wash hands, brush teeth, and wash body, etc.
8.Pay attention to food safety: buy clean food, proper cooking and storage;
9.Avoid smoking, vaping, and control alcohols;
11.Avoid contact of wild animals and have pets vaccinated, use insect repellent;
12.Pay attention to pandemic and follow public health guidelines;
13.Avoid extreme cold weather and overexposure to sun (UV rays), use sunscreens;
14.Pay attention to workplace safety and environment safety, avoid allergens and other triggers;
15.Do annual physical check and dental check, identify and treat diseases as early as possible.