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Meditate without a master

Updated: Oct 27, 2022


Key Points:

  1. Meditation is a quite easy skill and everybody can easily understand and practice meditation. There are lots of articles about meditation, but basically they are talking about the same thing. Controlling your breath and feeling your body are the most common techniques.

  2. WikiHow has many articles about meditation, but we have picked the best article available for your convenience. There are 3 ways that can help you easily practice meditation. But the first one is the most common and traditional way.


According to Wikipedia, "Meditation is a practice in which an individual uses a technique – such as mindfulness, or focusing the mind on a particular object, thought, or activity – to train attention and awareness, and achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm and stable state." "Meditation may significantly reduce stress, anxiety, depression, and pain, and enhance peace, perception, self-concept, and well-being".


Meditation is a great way for keeping good mental health, and also helps to improve wisdom. Everybody should try to meditate each day.


Here we quote the best ways to meditate without a master provided by wikiHow, a wiki that is building the world's largest and highest quality how-to manual. Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Meditate Without a Master. Content on wikiHow can be shared under a Creative Commons License.


Meditation without a master might not seem easy, but many people learn to effectively meditate on their own. Teaching yourself how to meditate can feel deeply rewarding. Plus, it's easier for people with busy schedules. To get started, you’ll need to carefully plan your meditation. While there are a variety of meditation approaches you can do on your own, mindfulness meditation, body scan meditation, and walking meditation are good choices to ease into meditating without a master.


Method 1: Practicing Mindfulness Meditation

  1. Sit up straight. This exercise is more effective if you are relaxed but alert. Choose a place where you are comfortable such as a chair, a pillow, or the floor.

  2. Relax your muscles. Pay attention to any muscles that seem tense, and try to relax them. You often carry tension in your neck, shoulders, and back, so be mindful of these areas.

  3. Remind yourself why you are meditating. Recent research suggests that meditation sessions are more successful if you start by thinking about the benefits you and your family or friends will gain from the process. Repeat this step during each session.

  4. Focus on your breath. Breathe deeply, and think about how each breath feels. Pay close attention to where your breath enters your nose, fills your lungs, and exits your mouth. Try to pay attention only to your breath, and tune out distracting sounds, feelings, and thoughts. This is an excellent beginner exercise that you can do on your own. It can also help prepare you for more advanced meditation practices.

  5. Don’t worry about your mind drifting. It’s totally normal for your mind to drift while performing this exercise, and being able to identify when this happens is an important step in the exercise. If this occurs, focus again on your breathing.

  6. Try counting with each breath. To increase your focus on breathing and minimize drifting, you can start counting with each breath you take. Count on the exhale.

  7. Put your focus into words. Our thoughts often distract us from thinking about our breathing, so try connecting your thoughts with your breathing. For example, as you breathe in, think to yourself that you are breathing in. When you breathe out, note that you are breathing out.

  8. Review your meditation session. Reflecting on how the exercise went will you improve your technique. Think about what you liked or didn’t like about the session. It can be helpful to keep a meditation notebook or journal that you can look back on. If there are specific thoughts that keep intruding, write them down.

Method 2: Relaxing With Body Scan Meditation

  1. Get prepared. To perform a full body scan meditation, set aside about 30 minutes. Pick a comfortable location, and lie down so that your back is flat. Make sure your phone, computer, and television are off so you can concentrate on the meditation. Your bed or a yoga mat are good places to perform this exercise. It can also help you relax if you dim the lights and take off your shoes. Some people also find it helpful to close their eyes.

  2. Identify the parts of your body that seem tense. Before you officially start the scan, pay attention to the parts of your body that seem tense or painful. When you identify these areas, try to relax or soften your muscles. Holding tension in these areas will prevent you from being fully relaxed and enjoying as much benefit from the body scan.

  3. Start a mental scan of your body. Pretend you are checking in with different parts of your body, and pay attention to how these parts feel. Focus on one part at a time. For example, if you start with your foot, observe how different parts of the foot touch the mat, your bed, or the floor. Do certain parts of your foot feel different from the rest? If you are wearing shoes or socks, think about how these feel against your feet. Many people find it helpful to start with their toes and move toward their head. You can also start with your head and work toward your toes.

  4. Continue with the scan. When you finish reflecting on a body part, allow yourself to move on to another. Work your way to the top of your head. Don’t feel rushed or worry about the time. You don’t have to spend a specific amount of time on each body part. Just give yourself long enough to scan how each part feels.

  5. Eliminate distractions. It can be challenging to eliminate distractions such as negative thoughts, the sound of traffic, or a radio in another room, but don’t let these intrude on your meditation. Allow negative thoughts and distractions from the world around you to fade away. If you find yourself getting distracted during the scan, don’t feel bad. Knowing when you become distracted is a beneficial part of the exercise because you will be better able to prevent this from occurring in the future. Don’t feel like you are judging your body during the scan. Instead, you are observing how it feels and works.

  6. Focus on connections between body parts. After you’ve scanned each body part, try to be aware of how they connect to one another at your joints. Notice how these connections feel.

  7. Pay attention to how your skin feels. As a final part of the scan, think about how your skin feels. Are certain parts cooler or warmer than others? Can you feel different textures from clothing, sheets, or the mat?

  8. Reflect on your meditation. Now that you’ve fully scanned your body, try writing about your experience in a notebook or journal. Do you feel less pain or tension in certain areas? What worked well with the exercise? What parts of the body scan seemed less effective? Were there moments when you felt distracted? What distracted you? How could you avoid these distractions in the future?

  9. Repeat as needed. Repeat this exercise as often as you would like to relax your body. The more regularly you perform a body scan, the easier it will be to maintain your focus and achieve the most benefit.

Method 3: Trying Walking Meditation

  1. Start by standing. It might sound silly, but the first part of this exercise is to stand in place and pay attention to how you feel. Notice the shifting of your weight, what you feel in your legs and feet, what your clothes feel like. This step makes you more aware of all the thing your body has to do in order to stand and move.

  2. Begin walking. You might be used to speed walking from your car to the office or sprinting to the bus stop with your kids, but you’ll need to adopt a slower, more comfortable pace. You don’t have to move in slow motion, but think about how you would walk without a specific destination in mind. This is a good exercise for people who have trouble sitting still or may feel restless when using other meditation techniques.

  3. Think about your feet. Now that you’ve started walking, think about what your feet are feeling. Pay attention to your heel touching the ground, the ball of your foot as you lift off. You’ll also start to notice how your socks and shoes feel against your feet.

  4. Direct your attention to different parts of your body. Direct the focus to different parts of your body—such as your legs, calves, ankles, hips, and spine—and think about how these parts feel when you’re walking. As you think about each body part, try overemphasizing its movement to highlight what it does. For example, try swinging your hips more. Think about how your different body parts connect, and what feels like in these places.

  5. Focus inward. After you’ve paid attention to your body parts, you can turn to your feelings and thoughts. Without fixating on a specific thought, just make an observation about what you are thinking or feeling.

  6. Compare your mental and physical feelings. The goal here is to be simultaneously aware of how your body and mind are feeling. Try to achieve a state of balance so that you aren’t focusing more on one aspect than the other.

  7. Come to a stop. Just like you started this exercise with standing, you will finish it the same way. You don’t have to jerk to a stop, but just slow your pace and stand still. Again, focus on what it feels like to be standing instead of moving.

  8. Make the exercise your own. You can personalize the exercise to maximize the benefits. Here a few suggestions to get you started. Try using this exercise with any physical activity, such as running, riding a bike, or skating. Think about a positive affirmation, a compelling quote, or a Buddhist principle, while you perform the exercise. Devote as much or as little time as you can. One of the great things about this exercise is that you can easily find time to do it during your day. Try it while you walk the dog, push a stroller, or commute to work. If you’re doing it for the first time, give yourself about 20 minutes, and pick a restful quiet place like a park or garden.


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